[3], Its specific epithet oleracea means "vegetable/herbal" in Latin and is a form of holeraceus (oleraceus). They can be also found in the Caribbean, Central and South American, and Texas. Royal Palm Tree Royal Palm Tree, scientific name Roystonea oleracea, is native to Cuba and North America. The crown shaft is bright, glossy green, slightly swollen at the base, and up to 2 m long. Fruit colour; life form. The Plant List 2013. Cook Show All Show Tabs Caribbean royal palm Genus. Hyde cited Waby's name as an unpublished synonym, apparently unaware that Waby's name was a valid, published name. Roystonea oleracea (Jacq.) Leaves appear flat. O.F.Cook is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Roystonea (family Arecaceae). ex H.Wendl. The species was first described by Nikolaus von Jacquin in 1763 as Areca oleracea. Accessed: 2018 Dec. 10. 2018. Family: ARECACEAE: Species: Roystonea regia (Kunth)O.F.Cook: Common Name: FLORIDA ROYAL PALM: Plant Notes: This species is believed to have been observed by William Bartram along "the St. John's River between Astor and Lake Dexter, Lake and Volusia Counties" (Harper 1946) and was perhaps later extirpated (Small 1938). The unbranched stem can be 46 - 66cm in diameter; it is topped by a crown of 16 … O.F.Cook; Roystonea oleracea (Jacq.) The placement Roystonea within the Arecoideae is uncertain; a phylogeny based on plastid DNA failed to resolve the position of the genus within the Arecoideae. excelsior L.H.Bailey nom. Lower leaves more or less horizontally, not drooping. Royal Palm Trees are popular in many warm, coastal landscapes, particularly in southern Florida and parts of California. jenmanii Waby jenmanii (Waby) Zona, Roystonea oleracea, sometimes known as the Caribbean royal palm,[citation needed] palmiste, imperial palm[citation needed] or cabbage palm, is a species of palm which is native to the Lesser Antilles, Colombia, Venezuela, and Trinidad and Tobago. Description. Florida. Ovoid, 1.3-1.7 cm long fruits are purple black when ripe. jenmanii in 1919. Majestic, upright, pinnate palm with whitish, swollen stem; leaflets with prominent secondary ribs on either side of the midrib. List of Palm Trees, below lists types and names of species of trees known as Palms, or Palm Trees.Most of these trees belong to the botanical classification family; Arecaceae.This family is historically named Palmae, although modern classifications don't use it anymore, older texts containing names of palm trees may refer to it.. Find help & information on Roystonea oleracea cabbage palm from the RHS. About Roystonea oleracea This beautiful tropical palm/ornamental plant is most commonly found in households and gardens. Lower leaves hanging bellow the vertical with long loosely plumose leaflets. Since Sprengel was aware of Jacquin's description, his name is superfluous. Roystonea Roystonea. Roystonea oleracea là loài thực vật có hoa thuộc họ Arecaceae. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 180144) with original publication details: Bull. In 1996 Zona coined a new combination, R. oleracea var. Roystonea oleracea adalah sebuah spesies palem yang berasal dari Antillen Kecil, Kolombia, Venezuela, dan Trinidad dan Tobago. Roystonea oleracea var. Mart. These solitary palms with pinnate leaves are some of the tallest of the royal palms but they lack the bulge typically associated with R. regia. Roystonea oleracea (Jacq.) Venezuelan Royal Palm. [2] In 1900 Orator F. Cook proposed a new genus for the royal palms,[12] and moved this species from Oreodoxa to Roystonea the following year. Leaves consist of a 60–100 cm (24–39 in) long petiole and a 4–4.6 m (13–15 ft) rachis. Projects: Bolivia, China, Flora of Panama, Panama, VPA Common Names: cai wang zong (pinyin, China) Flora of China Editorial Committee. in I.Urban Roystonea. 1-7-007:002 Cabbage Palm Roystonea oleracea (1) Harold L. Lyon Arboretum, 3860 Manoa Rd. F. Cook. Roystonea oleracea var. Stems: Solitary, erect, grayish white, to 40 m tall and 45-65 cm in diameter, tapering, not swollen toward the middle. Gorgasia oleracea (Jacq.) In its native Caribbean, the palm heart is eaten; hence its specific epithet, oleracea, which means edible. It is naturalised in Antigua, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. Other names. A large and attractive palm, it has been planted throughout the tropics and subtropics as an ornamental tree. Fruit are 12.6–17.6 millimetres (0.50–0.69 in) long and 7.6–10.4 mm (0.30–0.41 in) long, and turn purplish-black when ripe.[7]. Royal Palm Trees are popular in many warm, coastal landscapes, particularly in southern Florida and parts of California. Common Names: Caribbean Royal Palm, Imperial Palm, West Indian Royal Palm, Barbados Royal Palm, Caribbee Palm. Stems are grey[7] or whitish-grey. [7], Based on cultivated plants at the botanical garden in Georgetown, Guyana (then British Guiana), John Frederick Waby described Oreodoxa regia var. O.F. Euterpe caribaea Spreng. Purplish-black; palm. [9] The placement Roystonea within the Arecoideae is uncertain; a phylogeny based on plastid DNA failed to resolve the position of the genus within the Arecoideae. The terminal bud is edible. [8], Roystonea oleracea fruit is an important component of the diet of orange-winged amazon parrots and red-bellied macaws in Nariva Swamp, Trinidad and Tobago. P.Wilson O.F. Kentia oleracea (Jacq.) Oreodoxa regia var. as basionym: Gorgasia oleracea (Jacq.) O.F.Cook nom. The Royal Palm Tree, scientific name Roystonea oleracea, is native to Cuba and North America. jenmannii to correct Hyde's mistake and update Waby's name. 2 m long; petiole 60-100 cm long, rachis 4-4.6 m long; middle segments 65-94 cm longand 3-4.9 cm wide. In his 1750 Natural History of Barbados Griffith Hughes reported that the immature inflorescences could be pickled and eaten as a vegetable. In 1838, Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius transferred it to the genus Oreodoxa as O. oleracea. Mart. With its white marble column-like trunk, superb green crown shaft, and graceful spreading crown of feather shaped leaves, a fully-grown tree is an awe-inspiring sight, and amazing to think that this huge tree grows from such a small seed. Seem. [7] In Colombia it is known as mapora in Spanish, mapórbot in Jitnu and mapoloboto in Sikuani. Mart. General Information Caribbean Royal palm is a tall, evergreen, single-stemmed palm tree able to grow from 18 - 40 metres tall. Percy Wilson moved it to Roystonea in 1917. 2010. Roystonea oleracea. Common name. In his 1996 monograph on the genus Roystonea, Scott Zona reported that he was "unable to find any consistent morphological or molecular differences between the two taxa", and placed R. venezuelana in synonym with R. Imperial palm, Carribean royal palm, Cabbage palm, Palmiste, South American royal palm, West Indian royal palm, Cuban royal palm, Florida royal palm. Photograph courtesy of Fairchild Tropical Botanical Garden, Guide to Palms http://palmguide.org/index.php, Roystonea oleracea leaflets, abaxial view, Roystonea oleracea closer view of leaflet abaxial midrib and pubescence, Roystonea oleracea. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Over the course of a study conducted between 1995 and 1996, R. oleracea fruit was an important element of the diet of both species between June and January, and was their dominant food item from July to November. The sap of young inflorescences can be fermented to produce alcohol. Townsville. [7] Individuals are reported to have 16–22[8] or 20–22 leaves. The distinguishing feature of this variety was the fact that it held its lowest leaves at a 45° angle above horizontal. Accessed Dec. 10 2018. General: The 1.4 m (4.6 ft) inflorescence bears white male and female flowers. in O.C.E.de Kerchove de Denterghem [7], Roystonea oleracea is native to Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique in the Lesser Antilles, Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, northern Venezuela and northeastern Colombia. Media in category "Roystonea oleracea" The following 36 files are in this category, out of 36 total. [7] Rafaël Govaerts merged the variety into synonym with the typical variety. Campus. Roystonea is a relatively small genus and contains some of the most common palms of the Caribbean and adjacent regions. Description. Synonymy: R. caribaea, R. venezuelana: You are bidding on one(1) live bare root seedling with vigorous root systems 10-16 inches tall with 1-3 leaves born and grown in Hawaii. Americana 1920 Tropical Forest Products - date palm and cabbage palm.jpg 580 × 850; 142 KB [13], In 1825 Curt Polycarp Joachim Sprengel described Euterpe caribaea, citing Jacquin's A. oleracea as a synonym. [10] As of 2008, there appear to be no molecular phylogenetic studies of Roystonea[9] and the relationship between R. oleracea and the rest of the genus is uncertain. rej. Photograph courtesy of Fairchild Tropical Botanical Garden, Guide to Palms http://palmguide.org/index.php, Roystonea oleracea leaflets, adaxial view. However, he noted that this variety, which was only known from cultivation, did not differ from the typical in floral or fruit characters. Roystonea is placed in the subfamily Arecoideae and the tribe Roystoneae. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "A new subfamily classification of the palm family (Arecaceae): evidence from plastid DNA phylogeny", "Nombres amerindios de las palmas (Palmae) de Colombia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Roystonea_oleracea&oldid=985086980, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2009, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 21:34. Roystonea oleracea. Dammer & Urb. General Description Trunk gray, to 40 m tall , 46-66 cm diam. [15], The tallest and "most majestic" royal palm, Roystonea oleracea is often used as an ornamental. [2], Roystonea oleracea is known as the palmiste in Trinidad and Tobago, the royal palm[7] or cabbage palm in Barbados[8] and chaguaramo or maparó in Venezuela. Cook : Details; Images (3) Synonyms (44) References (19) ... Other names with Areca oleracea Jacq. Roystonea oleracea. Oreodoxa caribaea (Spreng.) If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; ... Other common names cabbage palm palmiste ID: 2540: Botanic Name: Roystonea oleracea: Common Name: Caribbean Royal Palm, Feathery Cabbage Palm: Family Name: Arecaceae: Cultivars: syn. Species. Oreodoxa oleracea (Jacq.) Roystonea oleracea (Jacq.)O. oleracea. The Roystonea oleracea (Jacq.) Berthold Carl Seemann transferred it to the genus Kentia in 1838. jenmanii (Waby) Zona Roystonea venezuelana L.H.Bailey Homonyms Roystonea oleracea O.F.Cook Common names Barbados-Königspalme in German Caribbean royal palm in English Palmeira-imperial in Portuguese Palmeira-real in Portuguese South American royal palm in English excelsior based on specimens collected from the Georgetown Botanic Gardens. Cook: ... Common names are from state and federal lists. Roystonea venezuelana L.H.Bailey General information about Roystonea oleracea (ROYOL) Name Language; cabbage palm: English: Caribbean royal palm: English: South American royal palm They can be also found in the Caribbean, Central and South American, and Texas. Roystonea elata (W. Bartram) F. Harper, nom. Roystonea oleracea var. [7], "The conservation status of West Indian palms (Arecaceae)". Common Name: South American Royal Palm, Venezuelan Royal Palm Roystonea oleracea is easily the most ornamental of the genus and though it also one of the more marginal species for southern California, for those lucky enough to live in the right climate, this is one of the most spectacular palms one can grow here. Leaf scars are regular and closely spaced, but not raised or prominent from a distance. International Plant Names Index. inval. In 1935 Bailey described R. oleracea var. Published online. Leaflets have acute tips and scales along the prominent midrib's undersurface. CHINESE : Cai wang ye zi (Hong Kong), Gan lan ye zi, Xi yin du ye zi. Hybridises freely with Roystonea_oleracea particularly in Hawaii and other places where both species are commonly cultivated in close proximity. Roystonea venezuelana Photograph courtesy of Fairchild Tropical Botanical Garden, Guide to Palms http://palmguide.org/index.php, Roystonea oleracea inflorescence. Lower leaves held roughly horizontally, not drooping. As of 2008, there appear to be no molecular phylogenetic studies of Roystonea and the relationship between R. oleracea and the rest of the genus is uncertain. In 1903 Carl Lebrecht Udo Dammer and Ignatz Urban transferred this species to the genus Oreodoxa. It is also reportedly naturalized in Guyana and on the islands of Mauritius and Réunion in the Indian Ocean. Florida royal palm ROFL3: Roystonea floridana O.F. Loài này được (Jacq.) It was named after Roy Stone, a US army engineer who served in Puerto Rico (Henderson et al., 1995). [8] The wood can be used for construction. Leaves: Pinnate, reduplicate, to 3 m long, with numerous glossy leaflets in two planes (not plumose as are the other Roystonea species). Flowers and fruit: Inflorescence to 1.5 m long, densely branched to three orders, with separate, white staminate and pistilate flowers. [4][5] The plant's buds was eaten in the West Indies. [7] It often grows in areas subject which are wet for at least part of the year—coastal areas near the sea, gallery forests in seasonally flooded savannas. Roystonea oleracea in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. O.F. Roystonea is placed in the subfamily Arecoideae and the tribe Roystoneae. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. illeg. O. F. Cook (1901) is native to Barbados, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela and Colombia, where it grows both in the humid forests and in the savannas in areas usually swampy. The species is commonly known as a royal palm. Roystonea oleracea. Roystonea oleracea can be distinguished from R. regia by the upright leaves, which hang down past horizontal. Common Name Species and Number of Trees Location TMK Albizia Trees Albizia procera (4) Wheeler Army Airfield, Wright Ave. N/A ... Cabbage Palm Roystonea oleracea (1) Foster Botanical Garden, 180 N. Vineyard Blvd. Other Roystonea species, see those descriptions for diagnostic features, Roystonea oleracea leaf scar rings. [8] and range from 46–66 centimetres (18–26 in) in diameter. [6], Roystonea oleracea is a large palm which reaches heights of 40 metres (130 ft). Roystonea oleracea Plant Family: Member of the Arecaceae or Palm family, called the West Indian Royal Palm, Royal Palm, Imperial Palm or Cabbage Palm; very similar to R. regia, the Cuban Royal Palm, also called Royal Palm, Boat Palm, and Bottle Palm; other family members include the Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera) and the Talipot or Century Palm (Corypha umbraculifera). [7] Liberty Hyde Bailey described Roystonea venezuelana in 1949 based on a collection by Julian Steyermark. Published on the internet. South American royal palm. read more; This mainly Caribbean genus numbers about 10 species, and R. oleracea is certainly the best and most attractive of them all. Common Name: Red Latan Palm, Latania borbonica, Latania commersonii, Latanier Rouge Cold Hardiness: USDA Zones 9a – 11: Ruffled Fan Palm Tree – Licuala grandis Common Name: Ruffled Fan Palm, Vanuatu Fan Palm, Palas Palm, Ruffled Lantan Palm Cold Hardiness: USDA Zones 10a – 11: Royal Palm Tree – Roystonea oleracea Common Name: Royal Palm [7] The upper portion of the stem is encircled by leaf sheaths, forming a green portion known as the crownshaft which is normally about 2 m (6.6 ft) long. Leaves 20-22, lowest leaves held at or above horizontal; crowns haft ca. Roystonea caribaea (Spreng.) Roystonea oleracea (Jacq.) [14] It is also called the cabbage tree, palmetto royal, palmier franc and chou palmiste, among other names. Areca oleracea Jacq. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Roystonea regia, commonly known as the Cuban royal palm or the Florida royal palm, is a species of palm that is native to Mexico, parts of Central America and the Caribbean, and southern Florida. [11] The epithet oleracea means "vegetable- or herb-like", and is used in botanical Latin for edible or cultivated plants (as in Brassica oleracea or Portulaca oleracea). ENGLISH : Cabbage palm, Caribbean royal palm, Caribs' palm, South American royal palm, West Indians' cabbage palm, West Indies royal palm. Reference page. It is a pleasure to look at this green palm. Loài này được (Jacq.) O.F.Cook miêu tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1901. Common Name: Red Latan Palm, Latania borbonica, Latania commersonii, Latanier Rouge Cold Hardiness: USDA Zones 9a – 11 Ruffled Fan Palm Tree – Licuala grandis Common Name: Ruffled Fan Palm, Vanuatu Fan Palm, Palas Palm, Ruffled Lantan Palm Cold Hardiness: USDA Zones 10a – 11 Royal Palm Tree – Roystonea oleracea Common Name: Royal Palm Commonly cultivated in close proximity, Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius transferred it the... Combination, R. oleracea var help & Information on Roystonea oleracea in World Checklist Selected! 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